"The youth of America is their oldest tradition. It has been going on now for three hundred years."
Coke House: 1939
January 1939. “Herrin, Illinois. Family on relief living in shanty at city dump.” Photo by Arthur Rothstein for the Resettlement Administration.
Ronald Hazel of Brooklyn, New York, works on Thodar, his robot. 1960.(Getty
Voiture amphibie “Licorne”
In 1932, engineer UT A yes Chelleri (Ulysse Texier de la Caillerie) near the town of Sekondini (Secondigny) presented Colonel de Gaulle very interesting amphibious car, which, in his opinion, could be used for intelligence purposes. The idea of building a machine that can move both on land and on water, came to him in 1928, but its implementation was somewhat delayed. Chelleri planned to offer his invention of the French army, which was then similar transportrnymi did not have the means. Officially, the machine is not received any designation, but often used the name "La Comete" ("Comet”).
Amphibious Corps lodkoobraznoy was a form in front of which was placed petrol engine with 6 hp to drive the two large diameter wheels mounted on the sides. The machine is not to lose balance when you walk on a hard surface in the back is a little extra wheel. Operated via inhibition of one of the drive wheels. The driver’s seat and controls were placed in the rear of the hull. Armor at the car was missing. The movement of the water osuschestvoyalos with the drive wheels, which were equipped with special rotary blade.
The first driving tests yielded encouraging results. Amphibian could move almost any terrain, including wetlands, where conventional tanks and armored vehicles could get caught up “to the ears.” Despite the fact that it was only a prototype, the machine had a good potential for development.
Colonel De Gaulle supported the idea, but the Defense Ministry did not respond to the emergence of an amphibian, because it did not fit into the accepted concept of armored France. However, the work was continued, but this time Keller, frustrated in trying to offer the “Comet” war, sold the patent for amphibious firm La Licorne, which was engaged in the construction of passenger cars. Joined forces with the engineers of the armor center in Vincennes engineers that the company managed to build a prototype amphibious “Licorne” (“Unicorn”), which became the prototype for the war machine. The car has received the case and the drive wheels increased in size, and that it does not “bite” on the sides of the nose were two additional bracket with small wheels.
New amphibian was presented May 10, 1936 and after successful trials was able to arouse some interest among officials. In order to determine the potential use of army built a small series of 6 experienced Voiture amphibie “Licorne”, which actively tested during 1937-1938. However, no further orders followed and built amphibious into service has been taken. In addition to the low priorities are quite objective reasons for the cancellation of the project. In particular, after the installation of booking and weapons increased weight (which would lead to a decrease in ride quality), the chassis was of high vulnerability and low speed characteristics and layout of the machine was far from optimal. Apparently, all built “Licorne” were dismantled during the occupation.
To this day no one amfimbii have survived, but in 1998 Sekondini residents have taken the initiative and built a complete copy of "La Comete", and this machine has successfully demonstrated its capabilities.